Date of publication: 31.01.2019.
Cyanoacrylate or biological adhesive also against haemorrhoids
The treatment of haemorrhoidal disease involves complex application of medication and surgical treatment methods, and also change of lifestyle and nutritional regime is required. However, choosing a particular treatment programme depends on the stage and manifestations of the disease.
All surgical treatment methods can be divided into two groups. Less traumatic is treatment of haemorrhoidal disease using ''semi-surgical'' methods. Without going into the technical details, it has to be noted, that these methods mainly have an effect on internal haemorrhoidal nodes. Since the mucous membrane, which covers these nodes, practically does not have pain receptors, only local analgesia can be used for implementation of these methods. The ''semi-surgical'' treatment involves application of flexible rings on internal haemorrhoidal nodes, sclerotherapy, infrared coagulation of the internal nodes and other methods, including the innovative and low-invasive cyanoacrylate method*. There exist no limitations for performing this procedure, it is very gentle and takes only a couple of minutes. This is an outpatient procedure, when the patient can go home after a few hours of observation.
The cyanoacrylate method is suitable for treatment of 2nd, 3rd and 4th degree haemorrhoids. During the procedure, a chemical preparation is injected in the increased haemorrhoidal nodes, which stops blood flow in the affected haemorrhoidal nodes and constricts the coating of haemorrhoidal capsule. Since haemorrhoids are not provided with blood, they disappear.
*Cyanoacrylate is used in medicine already for a long time, especially in vascular surgery. Since 2012, ''Veselības centrs 4'', Ltd. successfully uses this method, which has a number of advantages, in treatment of varicose leg veins.