The Author: Latvijas Avīze / Veselības centrs 4

An ophthalmologist is a physician who examines eyes and visual acuity, corrects it and treats eye disorders conservatively and surgically.

Preventive eye health tests are recommended for:

  • Adults above 40 years of age once per year or as recommended by the ophthalmologist. Although ageing and the related changes in the body and eyes are natural and understandable, it's essential to perform these eye tests also for people without any complaints, because there are diseases that a patient might not even suspect, but the first symptoms will be a sign of advanced disease.
  • The children should have their eyes checked between the age of 13 and 24 months, then again at the age of 3-4 years and before starting the school at the age of 6 and 7 or as recommended by the ophthalmologist.

Red flags for visiting the physician:

  • Eye pain, painful eye movements, discharge from eyes;
  • Impairment of vision – difficulties to see far or close, clouded vision, complaints about deformed, convoluted lines, impaired night time vision.
  • The so-called ''eye floaters'' with flashes or without them. If you observe flashing followed by sort-of rain of ashes or drop of a dark, non-transparent curtain that stays even after moving your eyes, you need to visit an ophthalmologist immediately.
  • Doubling;
  • High sensitivity to light (with and without pain) and blinding.
  • Temporary loss of vision (less than half an hour) with flashing or without it.
  • Eye itchiness.


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