Diagnostics of helicobacter pylori by using breath test

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The Author: Veselības centrs 4

The C13 urea H. pylori breath test is used to determine the presence of special bacteria – H. pylori – in the stomach. It is a specific and safe test – it recognised worldwide to be one of the best tests for the diagnostics of H. pylori either for primary diagnosis or for the control diagnostics after the eradication therapy (combined medication therapy to eradicate Helicobacter pylori bacteria).

H. pylori is a bacteria that may cause different types of pathology in the stomach, for instance - gastritis and gastric ulcer. In 1-2% of the infected people may develop gastric cancer. Therefore, it is important to know, whether a patient with specific gastrointestinal tract functionality complaints has this infection.

How is the test conducted?

  • Limitation - use of antibiotic and proton pump inhibitor (omeprazole and other medications that block acid secretion) therapy during the last month.
  • The patient may not eat, drink, smoke or use chewing gum one hour prior to the test, to successfully perform it.
  • During the examination, the patient will be asked to swallow a specially prepared solution and in 15 minutes to exhale into the diagnostic device through a special cannula (tube).
  • The examination is completely painless, it does not create discomfort, there are no risks or complications.
  • After the performance of the test, a consultation of a gastroenterologist is recommended to determine the further tactics of examinations or therapy.

C13 urea H. pylori breath test is also recommended for patients after the eradication therapy of H. pylori to check, whether the bacteria has been successfully eradicated.

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